Lesson 3: What is Support and Resistance in Trading

Lesson 3: What is Support and Resistance in Trading?

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In the dynamic world of prop trading, traders rely on many tools and strategies to navigate the financial markets successfully. One of the technical analysis’s most powerful and widely used concepts in identifying support and resistance levels. Understanding these critical price levels can significantly enhance a trader’s decision-making process, increase profitability, and effectively manage risk. In this blog, we will delve into the importance of these two in prop trading and how they can serve as invaluable tools for prop traders aiming to achieve consistent success.

The Fundamentals of Support and Resistance

The Support and resistance are key price levels that act as psychological barriers in the market, influencing the behavior of traders and shaping price movement.

Definition of Support: ”Support is the level at which demand is strong enough to stop the stock from falling further. Each time the price reaches the support level, it has difficulty penetrating it. Traders see support as an attractive entry point, anticipating a potential price reversal or temporary halt in a downtrend.”

Definition of Resistance: ”On the other hand, Resistance is the level at which supply is strong enough to stop the stock from moving higher. Each time the price reaches the resistance level, it has difficulty moving higher. Traders view resistance as an opportune area to sell or take profits. It is expecting a potential price reversal or temporary halt in an uptrend.”

The Role of Support and Resistance in Prop Trading

Identifying Entry and Exit Points.

One of the primary benefits of understanding both levels is their ability to help traders identify potential entry and exit points for their trades. Buying near support levels and selling or shorting near resistance levels can prove advantageous. This enables traders to capitalize on potential price reversals.

 Risk Management

Effective risk management is vital for any trader’s success. Support and resistance levels play a significant role in setting appropriate stop-loss orders. Placing stop-loss orders just below support or above resistance levels can help limit potential losses if the price breaks through these critical levels.

 Confirming Market Trends

Support and resistance levels are instrumental in confirming the validity of market trends. Consistent bounces off a support level during an uptrend or frequent retreats from a resistance level in a downtrend reinforce the strength of the current market direction.

Estimating Price Targets

Prop traders often use support and resistance levels to estimate potential trade price targets. Suppose a price breaks through a significant resistance level. In that case, it may indicate the start of a new uptrend, allowing traders to set higher price targets based on the distance between the breakout point and the prior resistance level.

Empowering Decision-making

Mastering them both give traders valuable insights into price action and market sentiment. With this knowledge, traders can make well-informed decisions and develop effective trading strategies.


In the competitive world of prop trading, understanding support, and resistance levels is an essential skill for any aspiring trader. These critical price levels are powerful tools, helping traders identify entry and exit points, manage risk, confirm market trends, and set price targets. By harnessing the potential of both, prop traders can gain a competitive edge, enhance their trading performance, and move closer to achieving consistent success in the financial markets.