Lesson 1: Four Major Trading Sessions

In this blog, we will explore the four major trading sessions that shape the global trading landscape

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The world of trading markets operates around the clock, with traders engaging in transactions across different time zones. Understanding the dynamics of the major trading sessions is crucial for anyone who wants to discover the world of trading. In this blog, we will explore the four major trading sessions that shape the global trading landscape: London, New York, Tokyo, and Sydney.

Four Major Trading Sessions

Let’s take a look at them one by one:

Sydney Trading Session

The trading day begins in Sydney, Australia. Although Sydney is not a major trading hub compared to other cities, its session kickstarts the global trading day. The Sydney session opens at 5:00 PM EST and overlaps with the late hours of the Asian session. During this time, currency pairs involving the Australian Dollar (AUD) are most active, and traders closely monitor economic developments in the Asia-Pacific region.

Tokoyo Trading Session

Following the Sydney session, the market focus shifted to Tokyo, Japan. The Tokyo session opens at 7:00 PM EST and is marked by increased activity in the Asian markets. The Japanese Yen (JPY) has become a key player in the Forex market, and traders pay attention to economic indicators from Japan. The overlap with the Sydney session creates a period of heightened liquidity, providing opportunities for traders.

London Trading Session

London is widely regarded as the trading capital of the world, and its trading session is one of the most influential. Opening at 3:00 AM EST, the London session overlaps with the tail end of the Asian session and dominates the market during its peak hours. The Euro (EUR) and the British Pound (GBP) are in focus during this session. The London session is known for its high liquidity, making it a favorite among traders seeking volatile and dynamic market conditions.

New York Trading Session

As London winds down, the New York session kicks into gear. Opening at 8:00 AM EST, the New York session is characterized by a significant increase in trading activity. The US Dollar (USD) takes center stage, and major economic data releases, as well as geopolitical events, can have a profound impact on market movements. The overlap with the London session results in a period of maximum liquidity, providing ample opportunities for traders.


Understanding the four major trading sessions is essential for traders looking to capitalize on global market movements. Each session has its unique characteristics, with different currency pairs and assets taking the spotlight. By being aware of the overlaps and peak hours, traders can optimize their strategies and make informed decisions. Whether you’re a novice trader or an experienced investor, keeping an eye on global trading sessions will undoubtedly enhance your ability to navigate the world of trading.