Lesson 5: How to do Fundamental Analysis?

Lesson 5: How to do the Fundamental Analysis?

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Fundamental analysis is a method used to evaluate the intrinsic value of an asset, such as stocks, commodities, or currencies, by analyzing various economic, financial, and qualitative factors. It aims to determine whether an asset is overvalued, undervalued, or fairly valued in the market.

Simply put, “Fundamental analysis is a way of looking at the forex market by analyzing economic, social, and political forces that may affect currency prices.”

The fundamental analysis delves into economic data reports and news headlines. It even extends to seemingly unrelated sources, like tweets from a specific world leader before the suspension. In this blog, we will explore what Fundamental Analysis is and how to do it.

How to do Fundamentals Analysis?

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to perform fundamental analysis in trading:

Gather Information.

Collect relevant data, including financial statements (income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement), economic indicators, industry reports, news, and other pertinent information about the asset you’re analyzing.

Understand the Basics

Learn about key financial ratios and metrics used in fundamental analysis, such as price-to-earnings ratio (P/E), earnings per share (EPS), debt-to-equity ratio, return on equity (ROE), and more.

 Analyze Financial Statements

Review the company’s financial statements to assess its financial health and performance over time. Look for trends, growth rates, and potential red flags in revenue, earnings, expenses, and other financial metrics.

Access Management and Leadership

Evaluate the quality and track record of the company’s management team.

Research the company’s corporate governance practices and leadership decisions.

Industry and Competitive Analysis

Understand the industry in which the company operates, including market trends, competition, and barriers to entry. Compare the company’s performance to its peers within the industry.

Economic Analysis

Consider macroeconomic factors impacting the company’s performance, such as interest rates, inflation, and overall economic conditions.

Swot Analysis

Conduct a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) to identify the company’s internal strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and threats.

Valuation Methods

Use various valuation techniques, such as DCF analysis, to estimate the asset’s intrinsic value. Compare the calculated intrinsic value with the current market price to determine whether the asset is overvalued or undervalued.

Stay Informed.

Monitor relevant news, updates, and events that could impact the asset’s value.

Stay informed about changes in the company’s financial performance and industry dynamics.

Risk Assessment

Consider potential risks affecting the company’s prospects, such as regulatory changes, technological disruptions, or geopolitical events.

Make Informed Decision

Based on your analysis, make trading decisions that align with your investment goals and risk tolerance.


Remember that fundamental analysis is just one approach to trading, and it’s often used in combination with other methods, such as technical analysis.

Continuous Learning and Adaptation:

Fundamental analysis requires ongoing learning and adaptation. The markets and economic conditions change, so staying updated and refining your analysis techniques over time is essential.

It’s important to note that fundamental analysis is comprehensive and time-consuming. Traders often combine it with other types of analysis, like technical and sentiment analyses, to make well-rounded trading decisions.